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Solvents: Reducers, Retarders, Thinners

Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Effervescence An effect in the film caused by rapid solvent release. This "boiling" of solvent causes a pinholed or cratered appearance reducing gloss.
Eggshell A low-luster paint sheen between flat and satin.
Elastic The ability of a substance to return to its original shape or volume after a distorting force on the substance has been removed.
Electrostatic Spray System of applying a coating in which the coating droplets from an air, air-assisted airless, or airless spray gun are given an electrical surface charge. These electrical charged droplets are attracted to an electrically grounded workpiece.
Emulsion A two phase liquid system in which small droplets of one liquid are immiscible in and are dispersed uniformly throughout a second continuous liquid phase.
Enamel Technically, an enamel is a colored varnish, or high gloss paint. Generally, the term is used for high quality, dirt-resistant paints for interior use that may have a sheen level from satin to glossy. These coatings are used for more demanding applications as in kitchens, bathrooms, etc.
Epoxy A synthetic resin, derived from petroleum products, that can be cured by a catalyst or used to upgrade other synthetic resins to form a harder, more chemical resistant film.
Ester Compounds formed by the reaction of alcohols and organic acids.
Evaporative Coating Cure by solvent evaporation alone and don't undergo a chemical conversion of the binder/resins during curing. Evaporative finishes can, and usually do, undergo intermolecular mechanical changes as they cure. Lacquer, shellac, and most water-borne coatings are example of the evaporative type. Molecules in the dry film are held together by intermolecular forces that are different than the chemical bonds formed as part of a reaction, as in the case of conversion coatings. However, in many cases, binder resins present in evaporative coatings still undergo a permanent chemical conversion after most of the solvent in the coating has evaporated. See Dry Hard.
Exempt solvent Solvent which is not subject to air pollution legislation. Acetone for example.
Extender A low hiding, inexpensive pigment that fills out and extends the high-hiding pigment's capabilities, provides bulk to the paint, and can positively or negatively have an impact on many properties. Some common extenders are clays, calcium carbonate, and silica.
External Atomization Using air to break up a coating material after it has exited the spray gun nozzle.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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