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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Fading The loss of color most commonly due to exposure to sunlight (UV).
Fan Pattern The geometry of a spray pattern.
Fast to Light A color which is not significantly affected by exposure to sunlight.
Faux Finishing The technique of applying finishes to a surface to make it look like another material. Faux finishes can look like leather, stone, marble, etc.
Feather Edge Reduced film thickness at the edge of a dry film finish in order to produce a smooth, continuous appearance.
Filler A compound used to extend or bulk a coating to provide extra body or hiding power.
Film A layer of coating or paint.
Film Build The dry film thickness characteristics of a coat.
Film forming process Formation by drying of a solid and coherent polymer-matrix film from a fluid coating applied to a substrate. Drying can be physical drying (for coatings based on thermoplastic binders), chemical drying (for coatings based on reactive binders), or both.
Film Integrity The continuity of a coating free of defects.
Film Thickness Gauge A device for measuring wet or dry film thickness.
Fineness of Grind The degree of dispersion of particles within a liquid.
Fingering A broken spray pattern delivering heavier coating to one area than another.
Fire Resistant Finish See "Intumescent Coating."
Fish Eye Circular voids, pock marks, craters, or separation in the coating. Fish-eyes can be caused by oily spots or silicone particles and/or by air-borne droplets that are deposited on the surface being finished. Not uncommon in refinishing when the piece was polished with a product containing silicone.
Fish Eye Eliminator An additive (e.g., "Smoothie") that contains silicone. Eliminates the surface tension difference on a contaminated substrate allowing the finish to flow level.
Flammable Any substance easily ignited in the presence of a flame; any liquid having a flash point below 100F (38.8C).
Flash or Flash-Off The point at which a sprayed coating stops flowing or leveling. Premature flash causes orange-peel when the atomized droplets do not flow into a completely flat and even film.
Flash Point The temperature at which a material will ignite when exposed to a source of ignition.
Flash Point The lowest temperature of a liquid at which sufficient vapor is provided to form an ignitable mixture when mixed with air.
Flash-Off Control Solvent An additive that extends the wet time or "flash" of a sprayed or brushed coating. See "retarder."
Flash-Off Time The time needed to allow the solvents to evaporate and the sprayed finish to form a surface film. The time which must be allowed after the application of a film finish before baking/forced drying in order that the initial solvents are released, which prevents bubbling.
Flat A coating that has little or no sheen.
Flexibility The degree at which a coating is able to conform to movement or deformation of its supporting surface without cracking or flaking.
Floating/Flooding Coating defect where a concentration of one of the ingredients of the pigment portion of a coating sits at its surface (floating) or in patches inside the coating film (flooding), leading to a color change and non-uniformity.
Flocculation Reversible formation of clusters of particles in emulsions and suspensions. In paints, flocculation of polymer particles may occur in emulsion (latex) paints, and flocculation of pigment particles may take place in any paint because of a deficiency of emulsifier and dispersants or changes in conditions of state (pH, solvent, etc.). Flocculation may cause loss of tinting strength, hiding power, or change flow behavior.
Flood The act of applying a coating very heavily to the substrate.
Flow The degree to which a wet coating film can level out after application so as to eliminate brush marks and produce a smooth, uniform finish.
Fluid Tip The orifice in a spray gun to which the needle is seated (aka, nozzle).
Fluorescent A class of pigments which, when exposed to visible light, emit light of a different wave length producing a bright appearance.
Force Drying The acceleration of drying by increasing the ambient temperature.
Foreign Thinner Any thinner not recommended on the label or in published literature of the manufacturer, which can affect the coatings performance.
French Polish A shellac base coating which is applied by manually "padding" it onto the surface.
Fungicide A substance poisonous to fungi which retards or kills mold and mildew growth.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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