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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Hard dry See "Dry Hard"
Hardener An activator curing agent, catalyst or cross linking agent. Substance or mixture of substances added to a resin to promote or control the curing reaction by taking part in it. Also known as crosslinking agent or curing agent.
Hardness The degree to which a material will withstand pressure without deformation or scratching. Hardness is not an indicator of durability, but harder finishes can be rubbed out more easily. Finishes can be tested for hardness using the Pencil Hardness Test.
Hiding (Hiding Power) The ability of paint or exterior stain to obscure the surface over which it has been applied. Hiding power is provided by the paint’s pigment (quality pigments cost more and work better), and is affected by how thickly the paint is applied and how well brush marks flow out.
High Build A term referring to a coating/finish which can produce a thick film in a single coat.
Holiday Any discontinuity, bare or thin spot when applying topcoats (you missed a spot!).
Hue The basis of color (e.g., whether a color is red, green, etc.). Lighter or darker variations are still the same hue. Thus, a light red and a deep red are the same hue. See tint and shade.
Hybrid Coating A coating which exhibits the properties of both an evaporative and a conversion finish. Waterborne coatings and catalyzed lacquers are two examples. Even though solvent evaporation is the primary film-forming mechanism and what creates a "dry" film, secondary conversion reactions may occur during the "curing" of the dry film - this adds toughness and chemical resistance.
Hydrocarbon Extracts from petroleum such as gasoline, lubricating oils, solvents, etc.
Hydrophilic A substance which absorbs or has an affinity for water.
Hydrophobic A substance which does not absorb or exhibit an affinity for water.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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