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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Metallic pigment Pigment consisting of thin opaque aluminum flakes (made by ball milling either a disintegrated aluminum foil or a rough metal powder and then polishing to obtain a flat, brilliant surface on each particle) or copper alloy flakes (known as bronze pigments). Produces silvery and other metal-like effects.
Metamerism A phenomenon exhibited by a pair of colors which match under one light, but not another. An example can include colors that match indoors in incandescent light and not outdoors in natural sunlight.
Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) A low boiling, highly volatile flammable solvent with extremely good solubility for most vinyls, urethanes and other coatings.
Methyl Isobutyl Ketone (MIBK) A medium boiling solvent commonly used in vinyls.
Methylene Chloride (MC) A chlorinated hydrocarbon (halogenated solvent). MC is one of the oldest and most common solvents used in paint and varnish strippers. It's very effective at removing most finishes/paints, including those that crosslink during the curing process.

Although MC is non-flammable it is toxic and a suspected carcinogen. It metabolizes in the blood to form carbon monoxide. This causes the heart to pump harder and can trigger heart attacks in people with existing heart conditions. For this reason, if you have a heart condition, avoid using a coating remover with MC as a listed ingredient.

Alkali fortified MC is often used in "marine grade" finish removers and are available at most marine supply store. Alkali fortified MC strippers are effective on tougher coatings such as epoxy and polyester. They are more expensive and hazardous to work with so additional care should be taken when selecting and using these stripping agents.

Micron A micrometer or one millionth of a meter (.000001 meters).
Mil One one-thousandth of an inch (.001 inches). Commonly used to denote coating thickness.
Mildew A superficial growth of living organic matter produced by fungi in the presence of moisture; results in discoloration and decomposition of the surface.
Mildew Resistance The ability of a finish or paint to resist mildew growth on its surface.
Mildewcide Chemical agent that aids in the inhibition of mildew growth. Especially helpful in humid climates.
Mineral Spirits A refined petroleum distillate having a low aromatic hydrocarbon content and low solubility; suitable for thinning of alkyd coatings. Paint thinner contains mineral spirits and often a blend of other petroleum distillates.
Minimum film forming temperature (MFFT) Temperature below which the effective coalescence of emulsion particles in a waterborne coating cannot occur. Defects, such as poor water resistance, high permeability, color and gloss variations, poor washability, etc., can result in waterborne coatings cured below the MFFT.
Miscible Capable of mixing or blending uniformly.
Mist Coat A thin tack coat usually applied to fill porous surfaces, seal in contamination, or seal the wood and reduce grain raise.
Moisture Resistance The ability of a coating to resist swelling, blistering, other damage caused by moisture.
Monomer Low molecular weight molecules capable of combining with a ber of like or unlike molecules to form a polymer.
Mottled Spots of different tones and colors next to each other resulting in a blotchy effect.
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet. An informational document provided the manufacturer regarding the safety and handling procedures and cautions for materials used in the workplace.
Mudcraking A paint film defect characterized by a broken network of cracks in the film.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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