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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Oil Length The ratio of oil to resin expressed as a percentage of oil by weight in the resin. Used to determine the physical properties of a resin/finish.
Oil-base Generally, finishing products (e.g., stains, clear coats, and paints) made with a drying oil, such as linseed, soya, or tung oil as the vehicle and binder, and mineral spirits/paint thinner or naphtha as the thinning agent.

Also used to describe a class of stains based on fast drying alkyd binders that are reducible with mineral spirits or naphtha.

Opacity The ability of a paint film to obliterate or hide the color of the surface to which it is applied. A paint with a high opacity will hide the substrate well. The opposite of transparent.
Opaque Finishes that obscure the surface being coated. Includes a wide range of brushable and sprayable paints and some exterior stains.
Open Time The length of time a coating remains wet enough to allow for brushing-in without lapping.
Orange Peel Dimpled, bumpy, or wavy surface of a film similar in appearance to the skin of an orange. Usually caused by spraying in high heat, draft or a material that is too thick or heavy in viscosity resulting in poor leveling. A common defect in both spray and roll applied coatings. For some coating appliances, an orange peel effect may be desirable.
Organic Designation of any chemical compound containing carbon.
Organic Zinc A zinc rich coating utilizing an organic resin such as an epoxy.
Osmosis The diffusion of liquid through a paint film or other such membrane.
Overspray Sprayed coating that is dry when it hits the surface resulting in dusty, granular adhering particles, reducing gloss and presenting a poor appearance.
Oxidation A chemical reaction with oxygen. The formation of an oxide; the curing mechanisms for alkyds.
Oxidative Polymerization Mechanism of drying unsaturated binders (cooked oils, alkyds etc.) in relatively thin films in the presence of atmospheric oxygen, initiated and catalyzed by driers.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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