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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Tabor Abraser An instrument used to measure abrasion resistance.
Tack Cloth A fabric impregnated with a tacky substance that is used to remove dust from a surface after sanding or rubbing down, and prior to further topcoats. It should be stored in an airtight container to preserve its tackiness.
Tack free Completion of the initial cure process of a coating. Airborne dust and soil will no longer be trapped in the coating.
Tacky The stage in the finish's drying process at which the film is sticky when lightly touched.
Tails Finger-like spray pattern produced by improper gun or coating material adjustment.
Tape Time The drying time of a coating required prior to masking sections for lettering or striping after which tape will not distort the finish.
Telegraphing Revealing of the substrate surface profile through the coating after cure. Commonly caused by not using a filler or primer.
Thermoplastic Resin that will repeatedly soften when heated and harden when cooled. Typical of the thermoplastics family are the styrene polymers and copolymers, acrylics, cellulosics, vinyls, etc..
Thermoset Resin that will undergo or has undergone a chemical reaction by the action of heat, catalysts, ultra-violet light, etc., leading to a relatively infusible state. Typical of the plastics in the thermosetting family are the aminos, polyesters, alkyds, epoxies (not all), and phenolics.
Thinner A liquid that, along with the binder, forms the finish's vehicle. The thinner evaporates after the finish is applied. The liquid used to thin the coating.
Thixotropic A full bodied/thick material which undergoes a reduction in viscosity when shaken, stirred or otherwise mechanically disturbed but which readily recovers its original full bodied condition upon standing (e.g., a good gel stain).
Titanium Dioxide, Rutile (TiO2) A high opacity, bright white pigment of the non-chalking type, used as a prime pigment in quality paints. Prepared from the mineral ilmenite, or rutile ore.
Toluene/Tylol An aromatic solvent with a high boiling range and low flash point classified as a strong solvent.
Toner/Toning A thin coat of finish that has dye or pigments mixed in that is sandwiched bewteen clear coats.
Tooth In a dry film, a fine texture imparted either by a proportion of relatively coarse or abrasive pigment, or by the abrasives used in sanding; this texture improves the burnish properties and also provides a good base for the adhesion of a subsequent coat of the finish.
Topcoats The clear protective coats of finish applied to a surface.
Touch up To repair misses, mars, scratches and places where the coating has deteriorated or been damaged, in order to restore the finish.
Translucent Allows light to pass through but not clear enough to see through.
Transparent Clear enough to see through.
Trisodium Phosphate (TSP) A cleaning compound based on an alkaline material. Because it contains phosphate, its use is controlled in certain geographical areas.
Two-Pack (2K) A coating which is supplied in two parts and must be mixed in the correct portions before use in order to cure.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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