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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Vapor Barrier A moisture-impervious layer which prevents the passage of water into a material or structure.
Vapor Trans- mission Rate The rate at which moisture passes through a material or coating.
Vehicle The liquid portion of a coating in which the pigment is dispersed. Comprised of binder and thinner.
Vinyl A clear synthetic resin used in some finishes.
Vinyl Copolymer A resin produced by copolymerizing vinyl acetate and vinyl chloride.
Viscometer One of several types of instruments for measuring a liquid's viscosity.
Viscosity The thickness of a coating material in its liquid form. Measurement of a fluid's resistance to flow. The common metric unit of absolute viscosity is the poise, which is defined as the force in dynes required to move a surface one square centimeter in area past a parallel surface at a speed of one centimeter per second, with the surfaces separated by a fluid film one centimeter thick. Since viscosity varies in inversely with temperature, its value is meaningless until the temperature at which it is determined is reported.
Viscosity Cup An efflux viscometer using a measured volume of liquid flowing through a precise orifice (see Measuring Viscosity).
Voids Holidays or holes in a coating.
Volatile Content The percentage of materials which evaporate from a coating. The solvent portion of a coating.
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Any carbon compound that evaporates under standard test conditions. Essentially, all solvents except water are classified as VOCs. Some government agencies are limiting the amount of volatile organic compounds permitted in finishes because of concerns about environmental and health effects.
Volume Solids The volume of the solid components (pigment plus binder) of a finish, divided by its total volume, expressed as a percentage. High volume solids provide a thicker dry film.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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